When self-restraint and self-injurious behavior (SIB) co-occur, self-restraint might be maintained
by negative reinforcement through the removal of SIB. The current study evaluated this possibility
with an individual who exhibited hand-to-head SIB. Three functional analyses of SIB were
conducted: (a) no consequences for self-restraint, (b) self-restraint blocked, and (c) hypothesized
aversive effects of SIB blocked. The outcomes of the 3 analyses suggested that self-restraint was
maintained by negative reinforcement.
Anne Catherine Denning is a BCBA and an ACE (Approved Continuing Education) Provider with Consultants for Children, Inc. approved by the BACB.
Anne has a passion for improving the quality of providers in the Autism Intervention category and is a Behavior Analyst. She leads cases and supervises RBTs, BCaBAs and BCBAs and keeps her content material relevant and based on recent research.